Rachel. 18. Whovian. Supernaturalist. Sherlockian. Avenger. Potterhead. Slytherclaw. Waterbender. Mockingjay. Kpopper. Cassie. Whateverthehellyoucalla gameofthronesfan.

CURRENTLY OBSESSED WITH GAME OF THRONES KTHXBAI

♦ This is not a spoiler-free blog. You have been warned.

♦ Kpop blog here: http://seoul-soul.tumblr.com/


samati:

skeletales:

This is unexpectedly not about make-up haha

reblogged before it was even finished.

theheartofachiefsoulofadragon:

monobeartheater:

chief-blue-meanie:

chief-blue-meanie:

“I keep rearranging the letters of my sisters The Beatles sign on her bedroom door.

She is not happy.” 

I’ve given up trying to make them normal.

imageimageimageimageimageimageimageimage

ok and now there’s another one

image

i didnt know the beatles could become so many words

Eh seatbelt

melkior:

send hELP

vampirevvekend:

my #1 talent is saying stupid things to people and immediately regretting it

transgalacticwanderer:

hjuliana:

dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:


A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL

FUCK YEAH BREAD HISTORY!!! This is one of the many reasons I FUCKING LOVE being a baker! :3

transgalacticwanderer:

hjuliana:

dancingspirals:

ironychan:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:

A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

Bread Fraud was a huge thing,  Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead.  So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.

Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.

If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.

Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.

Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.

ALL OF THIS IS SO COOL

FUCK YEAH BREAD HISTORY!!! This is one of the many reasons I FUCKING LOVE being a baker! :3

dreaminghermione:

Harry Potter AU in which Fred and George are in different houses and they steal and wear each others ties whilst doing stupid things in hope of the others house losing points

lawrencetheshark:

all-dressed-up-for-a-hit-and-run:

nevvyinthetardislock:

PLEASE SIGNAL BOOST
burnthepasttotheground  imperialguard64  zombieslayer283  slickdiamond
ourfeminismftw  facesofpriviledge  lolimawomyn  random-guy-universe
oldsexistwhiteguy renamorcen  pussyjuice69  flyingpiratemonkey 
bottomfeeder666  pottergeek622  hobo-boy throw-away-opinions
tenorsexophone

THEY ARE ALSO GOING TO START PHOTOSHOPPING ANY SELFIES TAGGED UNDER COMMON TAGS LIKE “me” “my face” ETC. PLEASE BE SAFE

i refuse to stop reblogging these. i know that everybody and their mother is probably reblogging these and theyre probably all over everyones dash BUT i have yet to see one post with all the same tags and so here we are

lawrencetheshark:

all-dressed-up-for-a-hit-and-run:

nevvyinthetardislock:

PLEASE SIGNAL BOOST

burnthepasttotheground  imperialguard64  zombieslayer283  slickdiamond

ourfeminismftw  facesofpriviledge  lolimawomyn  random-guy-universe

oldsexistwhiteguy renamorcen  pussyjuice69  flyingpiratemonkey

bottomfeeder666  pottergeek622  hobo-boy throw-away-opinions

tenorsexophone

THEY ARE ALSO GOING TO START PHOTOSHOPPING ANY SELFIES TAGGED UNDER COMMON TAGS LIKE “me” “my face” ETC. PLEASE BE SAFE

i refuse to stop reblogging these. i know that everybody and their mother is probably reblogging these and theyre probably all over everyones dash BUT i have yet to see one post with all the same tags and so here we are

cocolooo:

milkgif:

iheartchaos:

I don’t think I want to go to that party.

cocolooo:

milkgif:

iheartchaos:

I don’t think I want to go to that party.

image

consultingsonic:

madblackgirl:

team 5’5 and under where ya at

they didn’t let us in they thought we were 12

tagged: #got
— theme